ENVIRONMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC
The State of Maranhão is situated between the parallels of 1o
02'30'' and 10o
15'43'' of south latitude and the Meridians of 41o49'11'' and
48o45'25'' of west longitude.
The state has an area of 333.365,6 Km2, the 8th in size of the
Country and the 2nd of the North East region in extenuation.
In the North , Atlantic Ocean(640Km)
In the East/Southeast, Piauí State(1365Km)
In the West, Pará State(798Km)
In the South/Southwest, Tocantins State(1060Km)
Maranhão has the second longest coastline of the Country and
Northeast, in extenuation with 640Km; the continental platform
is of 21.504 square miles.
The boundaries of the state have a total of 3.863Km, 90% of
which are Rivers.
TOTAL OF TOWNS
There are 136 installed towns, with the following distribution
by micro region:
Northeast( SUDENE incentive area): all the 136 towns
Legal Amazon ( SUDAM incentive area ):111 towns
* Note: During the year of 1996, 81 new towns were created in
the state but they have not
been installed yet.
Equatoria Forest( more than 10.000Km2 )
Jungle ( transition ares ) / Palm trees
Hot humidity ( west )
Hot semihumity ( north - south )
Hot semi arid ( east )
Medium: 26.0 to 27.0 Celsius degree
Maximum: 40.0 Celsius degree
Minimum: 20.3 Celsius degree
Its is between 1.000 to 2.000 mm/year ( reaching exceptionally
2900mm/year in some areas ).
Itapecuru River ( 1090Km )
Mearim River ( 966Km )
Grajaú River ( 690 Km )
NATURAL PATRIMONY ( 1995 )
Lençóis Maranhenses National Park . Federal Degree # 86.060 of
June 2nd, 1981. Primeira Cruz and Barreirinhas Town. Area of
Bacanga State Park. Decree # 7.545, of March 7th, 1980 and
decree of April 10th, 1984. São Luís town. Area of 3.075ha.
Itapiracó State Park. Decree # 3.150, of July 2nd, 1993. São
Luís and São José de Ribamar Towns. Area of 322ha.
Mirador State Park. Decree # 7.641, of June 4th, 1980. Mirador
Town. Area of 700.000ha.
Parcel Manoel Luís Marine State Park. Decree # 11.902, of June
11th, 1991, readapted in October 9th,1991. Bacurí Town. Area of
Jansen Lagoon Ecologic Park. State Law # 4.878, of June
23rd,1988. São Luís Town. Area of 150ha.
ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AREA
Environment Protection Area of Preguiças River mouth
- "Little Lençóis" - annexed lagged region. Decree # 11.899, of
June 11th,1991, readapted in October 11th,1991. Barreirinhas,
Tutóia and Araioses Towns. Area of 269.684,3ha.
Maranhense Occidental Lowland Environment Protection Area.
Caranguejos Island. Decree # 11.900, of June 11th, 1991,
readapted in October 5th, 1991. Anajatuba, arari, Bequimão,
Cajapió, Cajari, Lago Verde, Matinha, Mirinzal, Moção, Olho
D'Agua das Cunhas, Palmerândia, Penalva, Perí-Mirim,
Pindaré-Mirim, Pinheiro, Pio XII, Santa Helena, São Bento, São
João Batista, São Mateus, São Vicente Férrer, Turiaçu, Viana,
Vitória do Mearim Towns and Caranguejos Island ( Cajapió Town ).
Area of 1.775.035,6ha.
Maranhenses Reentrance's Environment Protection Area. Decree #
11.901, of June 11th,1991, and readapted in October 9th, 1991.
Alcântara, Bacurí, Bequimão, Candido Mendes, Carutapera, Cedral,
Cururupu, Godofredo Viana, Guimarães, Luís Domingues, Mirinzal
and Turiaçu Towns. Area of 2.680.911,2ha.
Maracanã Region Environment Protection Area. Decree # 12.103, of
October 1st,1991. São Luís Town. Area of 1.831ha.
Alto Preguiça/Miritiba/Upaon-Açu Environment Protection Area.
Decree # 12.428, of June 5th,1992. Axixá, Barreirinhas, Humberto
de Campos, Icatú, Morros, Paço do Lumiar, Presidente Jucelino,
Primeira Cruz, Rosário, Santa Quitéria do Maranhão, Santa Rita,
São Benedito do Rio Preto, São Bernado, São José de Ribamar, São
Luís, Tutóia and Hurbano Santos Towns. Area of 1.535.310ha.
Tabatinga Hill Environment Protection Area. Decree # 12.103, of
June 6th,1990. Alto Parnaíba Town.
Gurupí Biological Reservation. Federal Decree # 96.614, of
January 12th,1988. Carutapera and Bom Jardim Towns. Area of
Mata Grande Extrativist Reservation. Federal Decree # 532, of
May 20th, 1992. Imperatriz and João Lisboa Towns. Area of
Ciriaco Extrativist Reservation. Federal Decree # 534, of May
20th,1992. Imperatriz Town. Area of 7.050ha.
TOTAL POPULATION OF THE STATE.
1991 1995 Projection
Inhabitants 4.930.253 5.240.000
Density 14,8 In/Km2 15,7 In/Km2
São Luís, the State Capital 696.371 Inhabitants
Imperatriz 276.502 ,,
Caxias 145.725 ,,
Santa Luzia 116.525 ,,
Codó 111.967 ,,
Timon 107.439 ,,
Bacabal 98.793 ,,
Barra do Corda 90.820 ,,
Açailandia 83.820 ,,
Pinheiro 82.432 ,,
DISTRIBUTION OF THE POPULATION
60% - Rural
40% - Urban
DEMOGRAPHIC GROWING TAX
1980-1991: 1,91% per year.
1970-1980: 2,86% per year.
ECONOMICALLY ACTIVE POPULATION
2.099.176 People, corresponding to 42,6 % of total population.
2.055.757 people, with the following distribution by kind of
Civil Constriction 4,7
PIB ( 1994 estimate ), at Market price.
PIB PIB/PER CAPITA GROWING TAX
US$Billion US 1980/94
Maranhão 8,5 1.629 6,41
Northeast 99 2.212 2,87
Brazil 565.676 1,78
*Note: SUDENE, Conjunctural Bulletim ( Northeast of Brazil )
PER CAPITA INCOME OF EAP:
Distribution ( %), by Minimmum Salary Class ( 1991 )
From 0 to 3 88,4
From 3 to 20 11,0
More than 20 0,6
Total of EAP 100,0
* SOURCE: IBGE ( Geographic and Statitics Brazilian Institute )
Grans -------(in tons)
Rice 976.250 950.681
Corn 332.543 361.111
Beans 56.194 42.007
Soybeans 8.034 162.375
ovinos 3.948.710 3.998.379
Caprinos 512.551 499.000
Suínos 2.876.138 2.796.000
Milk 134.399.000 131.075.000
Seafood 65.000 69.531
Bee Honey 6.087 12.302
Type Number of % of Participation in VTI(1985)
Foo 925 37,5
Wood 596 22,0
Mechanical 228 1,2
Non metalic mineral 212 12,4
Clothes,Shoes,Material Artefacts 193 0,6
Metalurgical 184 1,1
Furniture 179 2,0
Conservation and Remodeling
Services 171 ----
Printing and EDITORIAL 103 3,1
Others 138 30,1
*Note: IBGE, Economical Census.
FIEMA( State of Maranhão Industry Federation ), Maranhão
ALUMAR ( ALUMINIUM OF MARANHÃO) PRODUCTION - 1995
Aluminium 358.000 tons.
Alumina 1.042.000 tons.
PRODUCTION TRANSPORTED BY COMPANHIA VALE DO RIO DOCE - 1995
Iron Ore 43.865.600 tons.
Manganese Ore 1.034.800 tons.
Created by State Decree # 7646, divided in 15 areas ( modules ),
with a total area of 19.712,17ha. "A" Module with 317,8ha., has
got basic infrastructure ( urbanization, pavement and street,
water supply and electrical energy). In "A" Module has been
implated and are in activity 21 Industries; 10 are in
Implantation process; 9 are with the projects approved, lands
bought and less than 5% of works done; 2 with consultant letters
In the other modules, there are 35 Industries implanted, but
only 14 are not in operation or with reserved area.
Cathegories Number of Classified Establishement Number of Rooms
Number of Beds
5 Stars 02 320 627
4 Stars 01 119 238
3 Stars 03 364 602
2 Stars 02 101 382
SubTotal 08 904 1849
Nonclassified 21 636 1284
* Source: MARATUR ( Tourism Enterprise of Maranhão )
Hotels Occupation Medium Tax.
Medium Tax(%) 1994 1995
4 and 5 Stars Hotels 40.7 45.7
3 Stars Hotels 50.7 60.3
2 stars Hotels 30.0 37.9
* Touristic Atractive Disponibility:
640 Km of Coastline with beaches, in the great majority,
natural. Enphasizing Araçagy, Calhau, Caolho, Olho Dágua, Raposa
and Guia Beaches.
LENÇÓIS MARANHENSES NATIONAL
Considered the unique "desert" of the Country because of its
dunes which are as high as a 3 floor building, scenary that
changes into a huge oassis full of sweet and clear water lagoons,
that spread out over an area up to 155.000ha, during winter
PARCEL DE MANOEL LUÍS MARINE
Largest coral bank of South America and deposit of sank ships.
LENÇÓIS AND PARNAÍBA DELTA
One of the four most known of the world, together with Nilo
River Delta (Africa), Mekong River Delta ( Asia), Mississipi
River Delta ( North America ).
The Parnaíba Delta has 80 islands and isles, being the principal
Cajú island, which preservs all the beauty and untouched
richness, that makes it the unique along Brazilian Coastline.
Determined Environment Protection Area, the island is one of the
most beautiful ecological paradise, where live hundreds of kinds
of birds and animals.
Industrial memory of Maranhão from XVIII Century and Tamancão
Spot, where there used to be a rice production industry, with a
lot of wharehouse, embarcation access and a complex of channels
used for tides potential usage.
With an assemblage dated since the first headquater from XVII
Century. It has an area of 220ha., with sudden elevation
topography of about 20 to 30 meters high and the central plato,
where there is most part of the Historical Assemblage. The
Historical Center has about 4.000 Reals of Architetonic and
Historical values, with constructions dated from Colonial and
Imperial Period, when Maranhão was the most properous economy of
the Country, after Salvador, Recife and Rio de Janeiro.
Great number of edifications have the front wall covered with
Portuguese tiles, which gives São Luís the title of " City opf
the Tiles". Besides this, we noticed Catarina Mina Alley ( where
the freeded slave used to live, whom got to be rich ); Comércio
Plaza ( Main Commercial Center during Colonial Period ); Carmo
Plaza, Arthur Azevedo Theater, Sagração Dock, Beckman Pyramid (
raised where Manoel Beckman was hanged, leader of the
Revolutionary Movement against the control of Companhia de
Comércio e Grão Pará ), Memorial Stone, Leões Palace ( where the
Frenchmen built the Fort Saint Louis, in 1612 ); Lá Ravardière
Palace and Mercês Convent( Convent of Merceary Order which
construction started in 1645 and nowadays holds Fundação da
Memória Republicana (holds documents, films, books, paintings
and other importants things which belonged to the Republic
Memory, donated by the maranhense ex President José Sarney ).
Represented by Sacret Art Museum, which is in Barão do Grajaú
Building, from XIX Century, with 300 pieces of collections from
imaginary, goldsmith's shop, indumentary and religious ornaments
( assemblage of mass glasses, procession lamps, vases of saint
oils, original crown which Dom Pedro sent to Alcântara and the
silver resplender of Desterro Church); Visual Arts Museum which
is in a three floor colonial building, holding tiles collection,
painttings, sculptures, draw and the famous phinacotheca of
Leões Palace ( 50 painttings from French and Italian artists),
one of the most expressive from North/Northeast of Brazil in
academic plastic arts of XIX Century; Cafuá das Mercês known as
" Casa dos
Negros" ( Negros House ) which represents one of the slaves
selling and distribuiton marks of São Luís; Desterro Church,
with a very expressive imaginary from XIX Century, its the
oldest temple of Maranhão.
Rich in variety handicraft, with domination of and Buriti leaves,
this one used to make clothes. There is Ceprama - Handicraft
Commercialization Center of Maranhão, besides Barreirinhas and
Raposa which is 35 Km far from São Luís.
Cuisine of incomparable taste and one of the most exoctic and
delitious typical food of the Northeast, based mainly in seaffod.
PRODUCTS 1991 1995
Iron Ore 32.131.480 42.991.079
Manganese ore 359.624 1.022.949
Pig Iron 376.917 763.189
Soybeans ------------- 167.392
Aluminun 332.484 240.802
Aluminun 228.305 338.134
PRODUCTS 1991 1995 %
* Bauxite 2.523.835 2.647.647 4,91
* Oil Derivatives 1.071.761 1.905.021 7,75
* Coal / Icoane 265.462 321.266 1,02
* Caustic Solder 16.422 155.0479 3,55
* Fertilizers 87.010 95.276 9,50
* Wheat 80.077 69.963 2,63
* General Gargo 26.509 26.541 0,12
* Corn 27.051 9.025 - 66,64
* Rice 8.029 ------------------------- - 100,00
* Cement ------------------------- 47.949 100,00
* Total 4.208.150 5.280.162 25,47
Drinkable Water Sanitary Drain
* System in operation 159 00.002
* Links number 343.843 75.449
* Attended people (urban area) 1.684.830 369.700
* % of population urban served 75 16,4
Attendance: all 136 tows and 876 place
* Total Consumption 7.397 Gwh
* Maranhão (CEMAR) 1.736 Gwh
* ALUMAR (ELETRONORTE) 5.661 Gwh (3,3 times state of Maranhão
Convencional Telephones Installed 145.529
Celulars Telephones Installed 41.061
Convencional Telephones Contracted 40.366
Celulars Telephones Contracted 41.750
Places Attended 403
Public telephones, in use 3.291
TELMA - Telecomunications of Maranhão, fogether with EMBRATEL (Brazilian
Telecomunications), TELEPISA (Telecomunications of Piauí) and
TELECEARÁ (Telecomunications of Ceará), will start in 1996, the
connection of São Luís, through Fortaleza, to a modern national
and international net of optic fiber, with conclusion previewed
to the end of 1998.
Maranhão has a Road System of 52.2 Thousand Km, according to the
Total %Total Km Paved % Paved
over the Total
Road Net 52.207 100,00 4.174,6 8,0
Federal Roads 2.817 5,4 2.229,7 79,1
State Roads 5.014 9,6 1.944,9 38,8
Municipals Roads 44.376 85,0 --------- ---------
The following crossing represents the most important links of
* BR 010, Belém Brasilia Highway, which conects Maranhão to the
South of the Country.
* BR 316, Eastwest conection, linking Belém to Teresina and
other Northeast Capitals.
* BR 230, The Trans Amazonic Road.
From the total state net, only 4.174,6 Km, or 8,0% are actually
paid. Considering therefore only the state and federal roads,
the participation of paved roads grows up to 53.3%. In
particular, 38.8% of states roads are paved. The road plan to
the 1996 - 1999 period projects an expressive raise in this
relation, with 941Km pavement.
The railroad system of the state is formed by the following
* Carajás Railroad, 890Km long ( being 685 Km in Maranhense
territory), linking the mineral reserves in Serra dos Carajás,
Pará state to the Ponta da Madeira Port, in São Luís, Maranhão
state. Controlled by Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD), this
railroad of last genaration is the most modern in operation in
* Norte Sul Railroad, with projection extention of 1.571Km, out
of which 106Km inside Maranhense Territory, already in operation
between Imperatriz and Açailandia. The construction of its
second side, with 120Km, linking Estreito to Imoeratriz has
already started. Also controlled by CVRD, will facilitate the
agricultural center of south of the state and will allow the
linking of São Luís Port Complex to the Central - West and South
- Southeast regions of the country.
* São Luís Teresina Railroad, beloning to Federal Railroad net
has 454Km of extention and facilitates the Railroad link between
Maranhão and other Northeast regions.
* Estreito - Barreiras ( Bahia State ) Railroad, crossing
Balsas, has viabiliaties studies to the Estreito - Balsas site
being done by CVRD. When in operation, this Railroad will be an
important way of transportation, linking the North of Bahia
state and the South of Maranhão state to the Port - Railroad
Complex of Maranhão.
The situation and geo-economic position of Maranhão and
particularly São Luís, the strong meaning of the Central North
multimodal corridor, the viability of basic insumes importation,
such as petrolium from Central America and coal from the USA,
the disponibilaty of minerals from the Carajás province, the
geological formation of the state, reach in minerals of the
future and non metalics such as argil, silex and red granites of
Gurupi, the climate, with high incidence of sun and regular and
heavy rains, necessary to the production of agricultural
products, sugests the natural vocation of Maranhão and neighbor
states to production of goods with exportation objectives and
Port services work, with the objective of conecting commercialy
the external influence region of São Luís Port Complex with the
huge internal region.
In 1995, this Port complex had a total cargo movement over
50.000.000 tons , being used more than 700 ships, number that
should raise more than 6 million tons in cargo when we consider
the opportunity of new business to Maranhão, according to the
* Agricultural products such as soybean and corn,raising
constantely may reach 800.000 tons/year of tropical fruits in a
* Verticalization of agro-industries net, such as chicken
production ( depednding on soybean, corn and manioc), cellulose
industries, grains beneficiament, firtilizers production and so
* Pig Iron Production and from Carajás Mineral, together with
mineral coal production, with the objective of feeding the lack
scrap iron in the modern steel mills;
* Adiitonal production, from 1998 of 1.000.000 tons/year of Pig
Iron ( which will add to the 8.000 tons/year nowadays ) and
internalization of 800.000 tons/year of Mineral Coel;
* Raising constantely of derivatives, reaching 2.000.000 tons/year
plus the 1.700.000 tons/year nowadays, to support several
economy segments in expention, including the internalization
through the huge inland of the influence areas along the Central
North corridor and redistribution by coasting navigation.
* Raising in about 25% of the actual volume of bauxite, alumina,
aluminium, cokue and caustique soder, because of Alumar
* Wood, beneficiatetd and furniture, nowadays exported through
Belém (in spite of the Ports restructions), may reach up to
450.000tons/year exportible by São Luís;
* Minimum internalization of 150.000 tons/year of cement;
* Production of 500.00 tons/year of white cellulose of short
fiber, coming out from a forest of 63.000ha. of eucaliptus(
* Production of 2.000 tons/year of metalic copper, 8 tons/year
of gold, 37 tons/year of silver, 200.000 tons/year of sulfuric
acid ( H2SO4) at 98% in "Projeto Salobo Environment";
* 300.000 tons/yer of phosphatic rock to fertilizes production,
using part of the sulfuric acid produced by Projeto Salobro;
* Pelotizing of part of the Iron/Maganise Ore, to supply part of
the grains market.
The natural condition of the Port safe and deep waters (23m),
allow berthing of big ships( up to 400.00 dwt) and permit unit
freight low costs due to the short distance economicaly from the
rich market of the North Hemisphere( the distance of the
American and European Ports about 4.000 miles, makes unit
freights, in medium 25% lower when comparing to Southeast of
The expantion possibility at Ponta da Madeira North ( 9 berthes
possible ) and at South of Itaqui( possibilaty of 13 new berthes
) with the necessary work of dumping will allow the areas and
berthes of São Luís Port Complex attend the natural Port
industry characteristics and a volume of cargo at levels
comparable to the biggest Ports of the Country such as
At the moment, the Ports of Ponta da Madeira-CVRD and Itaqui
have already got enough berthes to 100.000.000 tons/year of
general cargo movement, besides the volume of about 45.000.000
tons/year actually movement.
The Port services offers storage, together with containers, will
allow getting ships with capacity 6.000TEU'S or more, disposing
the services that will make the competiitve diferential of
Maranhão, not only by the International Level Tax Practices as
cargo movements safe and permanence minimun time allowing the
reboarding in smaller containers ship. São Luís Port Complex
would be changed in a feed port, in order to attend the coasting
navigation of almost all South and Central America Ports.
The receiving and storage of fuel at competitive prices, coming
from Venezuela and central America Countries will allow to
supply great part of North and Northeast region, through São
Luís that, in a long term would become a petolium distribution
center of world influence.
The favorable position to get mineral coal from great producers
like South Africa and North America, as well as the proximity of
the coque stell mills demonstrate that São Luís has potentiality
to be a distribuiton center of this mineral.
Adding to these advantages the perspectives to operations such
as "drawback", using the natural interlinks with regions like
Venezuela, Caribe, Golf, North America Eastcoast, common market
supplyer of energecti resouces, that we need, and high scale
consumptions of manufactured products, opening business
oportunities with return freights gains.
This complex has the following units, with its respective
characteristics and movements:
PONTA DA MADEIRA TERMINAL
It belongs to CVRD and it's an especialized terminal in barns
exportation. It works maily with Iron and Maganise Ore, the
company's own cargo coming from Carajás Mineral
Province. the terminal also works for hiders. Actually, loads
Pig Iron and Soybean. In 1995 it loaded 45 million tons of
This terminal is used only for the Company's own cargo and has
one bearth of 9 meters deep and it is equipped with a ship
loader and unloader. In 1995 it had 3.500.000 tons of movement,
including unloading of coal, coque, bauxite and solder, to the
production of alumina and aluminium which are after loaded in
their own terminal and the aluminium oppitionaly through Itaqui
To receive general cargo and petroleum derivatives, Maranhão has
got Itaqui Port, controlled by CODOMAR - Ducks Company of
Maranhão. In 1995 it had 2.500.000 tons of movemente.
The port has a 1.196 m long dock with 4 berthes, with 10 to 14 m
deep, with port crane and suckers. A 5th berth is rented to CVRD
and operate with solid grains.
There is another pier under construction, able to get ships up
to 250.000 DWT, to be used for derivatives.
PORTO GRANDE INDUSTRIAL FISHING
A state port, to fishing production, including in an factory.
* Ponta da Espera Ferry Boat Terminal
Passagers and whicles flux between São Luís and the main hand
Becides these ports, has got others, for different purposes :
- Marine of Brazil Terminal
- Ponta da Madeira Tag Boat Terminal
- Port of São Luís
- Handy Fishing Port
- São José de Ribamar Port
- Tutóia Port
Pre-school 1st Grade 2nd Grade University
Federal -------------------- 02 04 01
State 311 729 89 01
Municipal 4.011 11.512 86 ----
Private 651 624 164 01
Total 4.973 12.867 343 03
Inicial matriculations (1994)
Pre-school 1st Grade 2nd Grade University
Federal ----------------------- 1.284 2.886 9.809
State 34.791 406.857 66.541 3.204
Municipal 195.840 776.625 18.822 -------
Private 59.638 13.165 29.095 -------
Total 290.269 1.297.931 117.344 13.013
State Net Functional Structure (1991)
* Techinical -administrative 13.332
* Experts 132
* Pre-school 320
* 1st Grade 3.338
* 2nd Grade 333
Number of used rooms
* Pre-school 675
* 1st Grade 5.334
* 2nd Grade 893
Illeterally (Cense of 1991)
Population over 5 years old : 2.048.596
Several indicators (Cense of 1994)
* Students that reach 8th grade 49.398
* Population between 15 and 18 years in 1st grade still 280.809
* Do not attend 1st Grade 396.406
* --------- teachers in 1st Grade 18.113
* Tax of infantile mortality : 51,01 / 1.000 born alive (projection)
Basic Net of Public Health
Units of Health
Number of Hospitals
Number of beds in public net and agreement
Public Hospitals 4.578
Mix Units 957
Agreement Hospitals 18.462
Agro-industries for food production
* Oleaginous / Vegetal Oils :
crushing of oleaginous for oil and refined production, margarine,
bran and other co-products from say bean, corn and cotton;
* Meats, Milk and others derived from
animal production : cooled meat, frozen and
industrialized, milk, cheese, buth and other deriveds production;
* Fish and Crustaceous : complete
fruzen sea food, filets or canned (Potential fo 120 thousand
tons/year only in maritime industrial fishing);
* Tropical Fruits : fresh tropical
fruits "packing houses" such as manga, citric and othersl;
frozen concentrated juices/ tomatoe derived ( pulp, juice and
sances) and banana derived.
Florestal Base Industry
* Cellulose, paper, wood and
Others primary base industries
* Leather and fur beneficiation
* Textile and clother industry
* Drinks production
* Chemical products and perfumary articles
Siderurgical and metal-mechanic industry
* Melting, forgeries and trefilaries
* Duckyard and instalation for naval repairments
* Metalic packing industry, serial fabrication pieces and
eletroeletronics in general.
Ecological, cultural and enterprise tourism
* Hostage (hotels and chalets); camping;
restaurants in the touristic centers; entertainment activities;
means of transportation; interperters and simultaneous
Activities related to Aerospacial Industries; Science Center (
production of techinical scientific information); Naval
Others options for investment
* Aluminum Derivatives
* Civil Construction
* Consuption Goods
* Agricultural Implements
The supports in the state circuit joy the ones given by the
Federal Circuits, noticing the fact that Maranhão is the only
brazilian state to get benefits, both from the Northeast
Investimens Funds - FINOR, controlled by SUDENE/BNB and the
Amazon Investiments Funds - FINAM controlled by SUDAM/BASA.
FINOR - Northeast Investiment Funds
The projects supported with resources from FINOR must preview a
minimum participation of 30 % of other financing, since there is
disponibilaty of adequated resources and the capacity of the
payment is trully comproved noticing an internal tax of
Priority "A"considered projects, with minumum participation of
30 % if own resources, in the areas of :
* Irrigated Agriculture
* Totally Integrated agroindustry
* Partially intregrated agroindustry, that assure through own
production a minimum of 50 %, in weight of the raw material
necessity to the industrial unity.
* Biotechnology, fine chemistry and the ones to equipaments
components and computers production.
The industrial projects which are in Maranhão have equivalent
mark to half of the required Total to arrange in priority "A".
Income Tax Reduction
"Up tu the financing year of 2001, the industrial or
agricultural enterprises which are in operation in the SUDENE
are will pay the Income Tax and additional non refundabel with a
reduction of 50 % incidents over the exploration profit".
Income Tax Exemption
"The industrial agricultural enterprises which are in operation
in the SUDENE area until December 31st, 2000 will be exempted of
the income tax and additional non refundabel incidents over the
exploration profit, during the years starting in the following
financing year which the Enterprise starts up preparation".
Exemption for remodeling expention and diversification
"The industrial or agricultural Enterprises which are in
operation of the SUDENE area, that will be remodeling expention
and diversification until December 31st, 2000 will be exempted
of the income tax and additional non refundable incidents over
the exploration profit, during the years starting in the
following financing year which the Enterprise starts up
"The Enterprises that have industrial, agroindustrial and civil
construction business in operation in SUDENE area, may deposit
in Banco do Nordeste do Brasil S/A - BNB, for reinvestments, 40
% of income tax owned by the refered interprises, calculated
over the exploration profit, added 50 % of own resources but
these resources will be avaliable due to complementation of
Amazon Investments Funds - FINAM
Follow the same skeme of FINOR, with the difference that it
holds all maranhense territory and FINAM covers the 108 towns of
Maranhão which integrates the legal Amazon Region.
Northeast Developing Nationa Fund - FNE
Created by Federal Constitution in 1938 and regulated by law #
7.827 of 1989.
It is a important finance mechanism of regional and state
development. To the year of 1996 has the following financing
activities : Agroindustrial and Rural sector.
Bovine Culture and Bubalino
Culture, ouvine caprino culture, aviculture and swing culture,
apiculture, marine carciniculture, psiculture, handfishing, non
irrigated agriculture (rice, beans, soybeans, fruitculture),
industrial plans-cottom, sugar carre, peanuts, oil culture,
manioc, swelt potato and potato; pepers and seeds) irrigated
* Period : up to 12 years, with 4 of shortage (fixed investments)
and up to 8 years, with 4 years of shortage (semifixed
Agroindustries with frist priority : fruits, vegetables, treated
and/or cooled/packing house, rice derivated/ seeds treatment;
production of ration; vegetal oil production. In terms of space,
the agroindustrial centers of Baixo Parnaíba, Baixada Ocidental
Maranhense and Sul Maranhense are priorits.
Textile and clothes microcomplex :
clothes articles fabrication; other textile industries; spenning
and weaving of artificial/sintetic textile fibers; treatment,
spenning and weaving of textile fibers.
Non metalic minerals and construction microcomplex : cement
structure and pieces fabrication; fabrication of other non
metalic mineral products.
Wood microcomplex : wood industries
Petrochemic industry microcomplex :
resines fabrication, fibers and elastometres;
intermidiate petroquimic. Chemical elements microcomplex :
production of chemical elements non petrochemicals;
Final chemical products microcomplex : perfumary industries,
soap and candles; fertilizers fabrication and soil corretive;
plastic material article fabrication; several chemical
Siderurgical and metalurgical microcomplex : fabrication of
other metalurgical products; siderurgical; metalurgical of non
ferrous; metalic minerals extraction.
Equipments and machines microcomplex machines, equipments and
Limited to maximum of 8 years, with 3 years of shortage, some
cases get to 12 years with 4 years of shortage.
Period : up to 12 years with 4 years of shortage.
Hostage, camping, restaurants in touristic areas travel agencies
and touristic operations, entertaiment activities and ecotmistic
Period : up to 10 years with 3 years of shortage.
SINCOEX - State of Maranhão External
Industry and Commerce Support System.
Fiscal incentive as a subsidiated financing, created by law #
6.429, of September 20th, 1995 and directed to industrial and
agroindustrial enterprises with implantation, expantion and
relocatization projects and to external commerce especialized
enterprises, in the importation from abroad.
- Agroindustrial and industrial companies - A&C.
- External Commerce Especialized Company - ECEX.
- Importers companies only, or importeirs and exportar only, in
the state, and operating in the commercialization of imported
products from abroad.
Importing only branch, or importing and exporting only, in the
state, even if its main office is not external commence expert
1 - AIC - up to 75 % of the received value of the goods
circulation operations and over services of comunication and
interstate and intertown transportation.
2 - ECEX - up to 9 % of the output value of the goods taxed of
the importe place, limited the incentive to the state
participation value in the product of the tose collection.
Time of Fruition
1 - AIC - ten years from the financing contract signature.
2 - ECEX - indetesminated, from its habilitation to the
financing, by SINCOEX canrelling board.
1- AIC - three years, from the date of libetation of each
2 - ECEX - rise months, from the 1996 financing liberation.
1- AIC - thirty days after the shortage time of each monthly
parcel allowed to financing.
2 - ECEX - in 60 monthly parcels, iguals and sucessives, from
the 30th day after shortage time.
Monetary up to date : during shortage time, the remain debt will
be actualized by the Market Prices General Index, of the Getúlio
Vargas Foundation, 169 - M, until the end of the shortage time.
1 - AIC - the total actualized value will have a reduction up to
2 - ECEX - the total actualized value will have a reduction up
to 85 %.
Note : These social-economic datas are a publication under
responsability of the State Planning Secretary.
State Planning Secretary
Estrela Street, 350-B - Praia Grande - São Luís, Zipcode
Secretary : Jorge Murad
Sub-secretary : Arlindo Simão Nogueira da Cruz
Telephone : (098) 232 0288
Fax : (098) 221 3107
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
* Partially intregrated agroindustry, that assure through own
- External Commerce Especialized Company - ECEX.
- Importers companies only, or importeirs and exportar